Theory X and Theory Y

xy

Douglas McGregor, Theory X and Theory Y  [1960]

Building on Maslow‘s work, Theory X and Theory Y refers to two approaches to management:

  • Theory X Managers manage in accordance with the general belief that employees are uncommitted, uninterested, hesitant to assume any additional responsibility, and essentially lazy.
  • Theory Y Managers manage in accordance with the general belief that employees will take on – and even look for – additional work if the employee perceives that the work is satisfying and rewarding.

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