True mentorship is about an ongoing
relationship of learning, dialog and challenge.
Mentorship is a personal developmental relationship in which a more experienced or more knowledgeable person helps to guide a less experienced or less knowledgeable person. True mentorship is more than just answering occasional questions or providing assistance getting acclimated. It’s about an ongoing relationship of learning, dialog and challenge.
One Bad Apple Spoils The Bunch
Effective leaders believe that “one bad apple spoils the bunch”… and they are right. When leaders spot a bad apple, it is vital to take immediate action to counsel them once or twice. Most bad apples require coaching on the harsher side – similar to “tough love”. If a leader is unfamiliar with legal liabilities surrounding disciplinary conversations with employees, they should seek to partner with your Human Resource Department for support in this process.
Victor Vroom, Expectancy Theory 
Vroom’s expectancy theory is all about weighing options and making choices. It asserts, in essence, that people will put forth effort when they believe that such effort will result in an outcome, and that that outcome is worthwhile. This theory is composed of three key elements and resulting questions that individuals (in this case, employees) ask themselves:
- Expectancy: “How likely is it that I’ll be able to attain a particular goal (in this case, a certain level of performance) if I put forth the required effort?”
- Instrumentality: “Assuming that I do attain this level of performance, how likely it is that I’ll be recognized or rewarded in some way?”
- Valence: “Assuming that I am recognized or rewarded, what is that recognition or reward really worth to me?”
- Expectancy Theory
- Acquired Needs Theory
- Theory X and Theory Y
- Motivation-Hygiene Theory
- Operant Conditioning
- Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs
- Equity Theory
- Motivation Theory and Practice
Learn more about Motivation by visiting LPHR on your desktop, tablet or smartphone. For HR Business Professionals interested in Leadership Communications, LPHR Magazine presents you with simple concepts and practical applications to help you develop personally and professionally. Find the latest issue, complimentary, on LPHR’s Scribd.
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J. Stacy Adams, Equity Theory 
Equity Theory, as the name implies, is predicated on the assumption that people want to be treated fairly, particularly when compared to how others around them are treated. It also purports that such comparisons will be made frequently.