J. Stacy Adams, Equity Theory 
Equity Theory, as the name implies, is predicated on the assumption that people want to be treated fairly, particularly when compared to how others around them are treated. It also purports that such comparisons will be made frequently.
Building on Maslow‘s work, Theory X and Theory Y refers to two approaches to management:
- Theory X Managers manage in accordance with the general belief that employees are uncommitted, uninterested, hesitant to assume any additional responsibility, and essentially lazy.
- Theory Y Managers manage in accordance with the general belief that employees will take on – and even look for – additional work if the employee perceives that the work is satisfying and rewarding.
- Expectancy Theory
- Acquired Needs Theory
- Theory X and Theory Y
- Motivation-Hygiene Theory
- Operant Conditioning
- Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs
- Equity Theory
- Motivation Theory and Practice
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